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Failing to meet relative humidity targets for incubated neonates causes higher heat loss and metabolic costs in the first week of life

Abstract : Aim: Frequent nursing procedures can modify a newborn infant's thermal environment when their incubator is opened. This study evaluated the impact of relative humidity (RH) on preterm infants in closed incubators and calculated their heat loss and additional metabolic cost. Methods: We studied 45 preterm infants born before 32 + 0 weeks, nursed at the neonatal intensive care unit at Amiens University Hospital, France from January 2009 to November 2011. Their body, skin and air temperatures and the incubator's RH were continuously recorded from day 1 to 8 of life, and the differences between the measured and target RH were calculated. Body heat loss (BHL) was also calculated. Results: On day one, the measured RH (68.7 +/- 1.0%) was significantly lower than the target RH (75%, p < 0.05), but this difference, together with BHL (p < 0.001) and evaporative heat loss (p < 0.001), fell significantly over time (p < 0.05). The additional metabolic cost correlated with the difference between measured and target RH (p < 0.001). Conclusion: RH from day 1 to 8 was below the recommended target value for preterm infants and resulted in high evaporative and greater total BHL and additional metabolic cost. The findings pose numerous challenges, including nursing care and incubator design.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03548025
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Soumis le : samedi 29 janvier 2022 - 13:36:16
Dernière modification le : lundi 29 août 2022 - 12:00:24

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Romain Erbani, Loic Degrugilliers, Armand Lahana, Anais Glusko-Charlet, Elodie Haraux, et al.. Failing to meet relative humidity targets for incubated neonates causes higher heat loss and metabolic costs in the first week of life. Acta Paediatrica, Wiley, 2018, 107 (7), pp.1177-1183. ⟨10.1111/apa.14063⟩. ⟨hal-03548025⟩

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