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Incidence of indeterminate colitis in the EPIMAD registry decreases over the period 1988-2014

Abstract : Background Inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBDU) represents 5–15% of new diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease. However, IBDU is not well defined and high rate of reclassification in Crohn’s disease (CD) or Ulcerative colitis (UC) is observed during follow-up. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the evolution of the incidence of IBDU over the period 1988–2014 in a population-based study and its reclassification rate during the follow-up. Methods All adults (> 17 years old) patients diagnosed with IBDU according to a validated and published algorithm1 in the French population-based registry EPIMAD from 1988 to 2014, were identified. Follow-up was divided in 3 periods of 9 years (1988–1996, 1997–2005, and 2006–2014). Reclassification was defined as a modification of diagnosis during the follow-up. Results 24 304 IBD cases (> 17 years) were diagnosed, including 8449 (66.2%) CD, 3839 (30.1%) UC and 476 (3.7%) IBDU. IBDU concerned predominantly males compared with CD and UC population [(51.7% in IBDU population (n = 246) vs. 45.6% in CD plus UC population (n = 5602) (p = 0.009)], with an older age at diagnosis [(36 [26–51] in IBDU population vs. 30 [28–42] in CD plus UC population (p < 0.001)]. IBDU rate among IBD diagnosis decreased significantly during the study period, from 6% (1988–1996) to 2% (2006–2014) (p < 0.0001). In the IBDU cohort, 334 (70.2%) only had one diagnosis; 132 (27.7%) had two and 10 (2.1%) had three during follow-up. IBDU reclassification occurred in 108 patients (22.7%). The median time for reclassification was 1 year (IQR [1 −2]) after the diagnosis. Eighty-nine patients (18.7%) were reclassified to CD or UC after a new flare. There was no significant modification of IBDU reclassification rate in CD or UC during the study period 17% (1988–1996) to 21% (2005–2014) (p = 0.56). Conclusions In this population-based study, IBDU incidence decreased significantly between 1988 and 2014, probably because of better diagnosis performances allowing CD and UC identification. These results suggest that IBDU may not be a real and significant clinical entity but a misclassification of colonic inflammatory bowel disease.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03552304
Contributeur : Louise Dessaivre Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : mercredi 2 février 2022 - 11:19:20
Dernière modification le : vendredi 25 mars 2022 - 18:12:15

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P. Mayer, H. Sarter, Mathurin Fumery, G. Savoye, A. Leroyer, et al.. Incidence of indeterminate colitis in the EPIMAD registry decreases over the period 1988-2014. Journal of Crohn's & Colitis, Oxford University Press 2019, 13 (Supp1), pp.S494-S495. ⟨10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjy222.869⟩. ⟨hal-03552304⟩

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