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Article Dans Une Revue Archives de Pédiatrie Année : 2017

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

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Résumé

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SFCE) is a disorder of the hip, characterized by a displacement of the capital femoral epiphysis from the metaphysic through the femoral growth plate. The epiphysis slips posteriorly and inferiorly. SCFE occurs during puberty and metabolic and epidemiologic risk factors, such as obesity are frequently found. Most chronic slips are diagnosed late. Sagittal hip X-rays show epiphysis slip. In case of untreated SCFE, a slip progression arises with an acute slip risk. Treatment is indicated to prevent slip worsening. The clinical and radiological classification is useful to guide treatment and it is predictive of the prognosis. In situ fixation of stable and moderately displaced SCFE with cannulated screws gives excellent results. Major complications are chondrolysis and osteonecrosis and the major sequelae are femoroacetabular impingement and early arthritis. (C) 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Dates et versions

hal-03554549 , version 1 (03-02-2022)

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Céline Klein, Elodie Haraux, J. Leroux, Richard Gouron. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Archives de Pédiatrie, 2017, 24 (3), pp.301-305. ⟨10.1016/j.arcped.2016.12.011⟩. ⟨hal-03554549⟩
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