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Correlation between prenatal and postnatal observations in case of gastroschisis: Experience in a prenatal referral diagnosis center

Abstract : Objectives - Ultrasonography plays a key role in surveillance of gastroschisis. Indeed, ultrasound should allow an early diagnosis of its specific complications all the while avoiding their over-diagnosis which could induce an unnecessary prematurity in these fragile children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of ultrasonography in the surveillance of this malformation. Methods - We conducted a retrospective single center study from 2008 until 2018 including all cases of apparently isolated gastroschisis followed during the prenatal period and surgically treated in our institution. Prenatal data gathered during the ultrasound follow-up were compared to those observed during surgery. Results - Thirty-one cases of gastroschisis were included. Regarding the abdominal wall defect, the latter was described prenatally as tight in seven cases with a weak correlation, and as situated to the right of the umbilical cord insertion in 11 cases with a high correlation to the per-operative observations. Sonographic observations were responsible for inducing birth in 14 cases (45%), of which 12 due to the presence of a specific gastroschisis complication, confirmed in five cases (42%, weak correlation). Pre- and post-natal correlation for compression/atresia/stenosis and eviscerated bowel inflammation were very weak in both cases, with a respective tendency of over- and under-diagnosis. Conclusions - Diagnosing the specific complications of gastroschisis by ultrasound is difficult, even though ultrasonography is responsible for many anticipated births. Thus, this monitoring should be performed by experienced sonographers on devices with appropriate settings. In addition, reproducible parameters such as oligohydramnios or increased bowel dilations should alone be indications of anticipated birth. (C) 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Soumis le : jeudi 21 juillet 2022 - 07:14:07
Dernière modification le : vendredi 11 novembre 2022 - 15:07:53
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C. Maisant, P. Naepels, J. Ricard, Ségolène Lanta-Delmas, J. Gondry, et al.. Correlation between prenatal and postnatal observations in case of gastroschisis: Experience in a prenatal referral diagnosis center. Gynécologie Obstétrique Fertilité & Sénologie, 2019, 47 (12), pp.841-845. ⟨10.1016/j.gofs.2019.10.002⟩. ⟨hal-03558546⟩

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