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The clinical and economic burden after an osteoporosis fracture in France: a nationwide population-based study

Abstract : Osteoporosis-related fragility fractures increase the risk of subsequent fractures and are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Emphasis should be placed on the prevention of recurrent fractures, which will decrease both the clinical burden on patients and the economic burden on the health system. Introduction Fragility fractures are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Quantifying the clinical and economic burden of subsequent fractures following an initial osteoporosis-related fracture is a key to informing public health policies. Methods A retrospective cohort study, using the national French health insurance claims database. Males and females >= 50 years, with a hospital discharge diagnosis of osteoporosis with fracture or a relevant fragility fracture (hip, vertebrae, femur, pelvis, wrist/hand, forearm, humerus/clavicle) between 2011 and 2014, were included and followed until death or end of 2016, whichever came first. Index fracture was the first qualifying hospitalization; subsequent fractures were defined as those occurring either at a different site from the index fracture or at the same site >= 90 days apart. Costs abstracted included hospitalization, external consultation, outpatient visits, and treatment. Results A total of 544,426 participants (132,148 [24.3%] males and 412,278 [75.7%] females), of whom 16,110 (12.2%) males and 73,538 (17.8%) females had at least one subsequent fracture during follow-up, were included. Incidence of subsequent fracture was highest in the first year following index fracture. During follow-up, 161,179 patients died; mortality was highest among those with a hip fracture at index (29,971 (51.6%) males and 65,254 (39.6%) females). Total mean costs per patient in the year following index fracture were highest for males and females with a hip fracture (euro18,585 and euro15,754, respectively). Conclusion Subsequent fractures among osteoporotic participants with an initial fracture result in increased clinical mortality and high healthcare resource use. Emphasis should be placed on the prevention of recurrent fractures.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03563650
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Soumis le : mercredi 9 février 2022 - 19:42:32
Dernière modification le : jeudi 10 février 2022 - 03:35:16

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Patrice Fardellone, L. Barnieh, N. Quignot, G. Gusto, D. A. Kahangire, et al.. The clinical and economic burden after an osteoporosis fracture in France: a nationwide population-based study. ARCHIVES OF OSTEOPOROSIS, 2021, 16 (1), ⟨10.1007/s11657-021-00976-9⟩. ⟨hal-03563650⟩

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