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Identification of a p.Arg708Gln variant in COL1A2 in atypical femoral fractures

Abstract : Objectives: Long-term bisphosphonates exposure is a proven risk factor for atypical femoral fractures (AFF) but several cases occur in untreated patients. The identification of other risk factors for AFF is critical for the management of osteoporosis. We here assessed the genetic factors associated with AFF regardless of the treatment. Methods: Cases were identified through ICD-10 codes in 3 academic centers. Medical records were analyzed by 2 investigators that adjudicated X-rays for typical or atypical fractures. Genetic screening for ALPL, SOX9, COL1A1 and COL1A2 variants was performed after patient's information and consent. Results: A total of 389 cases were identified and 268 were ruled out according to the ASBMR Task Force recommendations. On the remaining 121, 14 (11.6%) were AFF. Anti-osteoporotic drugs were more frequent in the AFF group compared to the typical fracture group (35% vs 5%, P<0.001) but only 4 (28.6%) patients with AFF had been exposed to bisphosphonates. Genetic analysis performed in 5 patients found one with a heterozygous mutation in COL1A2 (rs72658163, NM\₀00089.3:c.2123G>A, p.Arg708G1n). This rare variant (Minor Allele Frequency=0.0008) causes a missense mutation that alters collagen fibrillogenesis. Eight heterozygous polymorphisms for ALPL were also found in 3 patients. Conclusion: Genetic screening for variants in only 4 genes and 5 patients with AFF resulted in the identification of genetic variants in 3 patients including a rare variant in COL1A2, suggesting a possible genetic susceptibility to AFF. This finding should encourage clinician to further genotype patients with AFF in a collaborative multicentric project. (C) 2016 Societe francaise de rhumatologie. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03564078
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Soumis le : jeudi 10 février 2022 - 10:35:16
Dernière modification le : samedi 27 août 2022 - 13:48:25

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Thomas Funck-Brentano, Agnes Ostertag, Francoise Debiais, Patrice Fardellone, Corinne Collet, et al.. Identification of a p.Arg708Gln variant in COL1A2 in atypical femoral fractures. Joint Bone Spine, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 84 (6), pp.715-718. ⟨10.1016/j.jbspin.2016.11.014⟩. ⟨hal-03564078⟩

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