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Association between Uremic Toxin Concentrations and Bone Mineral Density after Kidney Transplantation

Abstract : Although uremic osteoporosis is a component of mineral and bone disorder in chronic kidney disease, uremic toxin (UT) concentrations in patients with end-stage kidney disease and bone mineral density (BMD) changes after kidney transplantation have not previously been described. We hypothesized that elevated UT concentrations at the time of transplantation could have a negative impact on bone during the early post-transplantation period. Hence, we sought to determine whether concentrations of UTs (trimethylamine-N-oxide, indoxylsulfate, p-cresylsulfate, p-cresylglucuronide, indole-3-acetic acid, hippuric acid, and 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-furanpropionic acid) upon transplantation are predictive markers for (i) osteoporosis one month after transplantation, and (ii) a BMD decrease and the occurrence of fractures 12 and 24 months after kidney transplantation. Between 2012 and 2018, 310 kidney transplant recipients were included, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was performed 1, 12, and 24 months after transplantation. The UT concentrations upon transplantation were determined by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Indoxylsulfate concentrations upon transplantation were positively correlated with BMD one month after transplantation for the femoral neck but were not associated with osteoporosis status upon transplantation. Concentrations of the other UTs upon transplantation were not associated with osteoporosis or BMD one month after transplantation. None of the UT concentrations were associated with BMD changes and the occurrence of osteoporotic fractures 12 and 24 months after transplantation. Hence, UT concentrations at the time of kidney transplantation were not predictive markers of osteoporosis or fractures.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03564798
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Soumis le : jeudi 10 février 2022 - 15:58:52
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:25:19

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Benjamin Batteux, Sandra Bodeau, Camille Andre, Anne-Sophie Hurtel-Lemaire, Valerie Gras-Champel, et al.. Association between Uremic Toxin Concentrations and Bone Mineral Density after Kidney Transplantation. Toxins, MDPI, 2020, 12 (11), ⟨10.3390/toxins12110715⟩. ⟨hal-03564798⟩

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