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Article Dans Une Revue BMC Infectious Diseases Année : 2021

Pure SARS-CoV-2 related AVDS (Acute Vascular Distress Syndrome)


BackgroundSARS-CoV-2 virus which targets the pulmonary vasculature is supposed to induce an intrapulmonary right to left shunt with an increased pulmonary blood flow. Such vascular injury is difficult to observe because it is hidden by the concomitant lung injury. We report here what may be, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a pure Covid-19 related Acute Vascular Distress Syndrome (AVDS).Case presentationA 43-year-old physician, tested positive for Covid-19, was addressed to the emergency unit for severe dyspnoea and dizziness. Explorations were non informative with only a doubt regarding a sub-segmental pulmonary embolism (no ground-glass lesions or consolidations related to Covid-19 disease). Dyspnoea persisted despite anticoagulation therapy and normal pulmonary function tests. Contrast-enhanced transthoracic echocardiography was performed which revealed a moderate late right-to-left shunt.ConclusionsThis case report highlights the crucial importance of the vascular component of the viral disease. The intrapulmonary shunt induced by Covid-19 which remains unrecognized because generally hidden by the concomitant lung injury, can persist for a long time. Contrast-enhanced transthoracic echocardiography is the most appropriate test to propose in case of persistent dyspnoea in Covid-19 patients.

Dates et versions

hal-03574723 , version 1 (15-02-2022)



Vincent Jounieaux, Damien Basille, Osama Abou-Arab, Marie-Pierre Guillaumont, Claire Andrejak, et al.. Pure SARS-CoV-2 related AVDS (Acute Vascular Distress Syndrome). BMC Infectious Diseases, 2021, 21 (1), ⟨10.1186/s12879-021-05805-5⟩. ⟨hal-03574723⟩
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