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Central venous-to-arterial CO2 difference is a poor tool to predict adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery: a retrospective study

Abstract : Purpose The venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure difference (CO2 gap) has been reported to be a sensitive indicator of cardiac output adequacy. We aimed to assess whether the CO2 gap can predict postoperative adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery. Methods A retrospective study was conducted of 5,151 patients from our departmental database who underwent cardiac surgery from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2018. Lactate level (mmol center dot L-1), central venous oxygen saturation (ScVO2) (%), and the venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide difference (CO2 gap) were measured at intensive care unit (ICU) admission and on days 1 and 2 after cardiac surgery. The following postoperative adverse outcomes were collected: ICU mortality, hemopericardium or tamponade, resuscitated cardiac arrest, acute kidney injury, major bleeding, acute hepatic failure, mesenteric ischemia, and pneumonia. The primary outcome was the presence of at least one postoperative adverse outcome. Logistic regression was used to assess the association between ScVO2, lactate, and the CO2 gap with adverse outcomes. Their diagnostic performance was compared using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results There were 1,933 patients (38%) with an adverse outcome. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) parameters were similar between groups. The CO2 gap was slightly higher for the ``adverse outcomes'' group than for the ``no adverse outcomes'' group. Arterial lactate at admission, day 1, and day 2 was also slightly higher in patients with adverse outcomes. Central venous oxygen saturation was not significantly different between patients with and without adverse outcomes. The area under the ROC curve to predict outcomes after CPB for the CO2 gap at admission, day 1, and day 2 were 0.52, 0.55, and 0.53, respectively. Conclusion After cardiac surgery with CPB, the CO2 gap at ICU admission, day 1, and day 2 was associated with postoperative adverse outcomes but showed poor diagnostic performance.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03574724
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Soumis le : mardi 15 février 2022 - 11:46:01
Dernière modification le : mercredi 28 septembre 2022 - 16:20:12

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Pierre Huette, Christophe Beyls, Jihad Mallat, Lucie Martineau, Patricia Besserve, et al.. Central venous-to-arterial CO2 difference is a poor tool to predict adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery: a retrospective study. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia / Journal canadien d'anesthésie, Springer Verlag, 2021, 68 (4), pp.467-476. ⟨10.1007/s12630-020-01881-4⟩. ⟨hal-03574724⟩

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