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Dynamic arterial elastance measured by uncalibrated pulse contour analysis predicts arterial-pressure response to a decrease in norepinephrine

Abstract : Background: Dynamic arterial elastance (Ea(dyn)) has been proposed as an indicator of vascular tone that predicts the decrease in arterial pressure in response to changes in norepinephrine (NE). The purpose of this study was to determine whether Ea(dyn) measured by uncalibrated pulse contour analysis (UPCA) can predict a decrease in arterial pressure when the NE dosage is decreased. Methods: We conducted a prospective study in a university hospital intensive care unit. Patients with vasoplegic syndrome for whom the intensive care physician planned to decrease the NE dosage were included. Haemodynamic and UPCA (VolumeView and FloTrac; Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA) values were obtained before and after decreasing the NE dosage. Responders were defined by a >10% decrease in mean arterial pressure (MAP). Results: Of 35 patients included, 11 (31%) were pressure responders with a median decrease of 13%. Ea(dyn) was correlated to systolic arterial pressure (SAP) (r=0.255; P=0.033), diastolic arterial pressure (r=0.271; P=0.024), MAP (r=0.310; P=0.009), heart rate (r=0.543; P=0.0001), and transthoracic echography cardiac output (r=0.264; P=0.024). Baseline Ea(dyn) was correlated with MAP changes (r=0.394; P=0.019) and SAP changes (r=0.431; P=0.009). Ea(dyn) predicted the decrease in arterial pressure with an area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve of 0.84 (95% confidence interval: 0.70-0.97). The best cut-off was 0.90. Conclusions: The present study confirms the ability of Ea(dyn) measured by UPCA to predict an arterial pressure response to a decrease in NE. Ea(dyn) may constitute an easy-to-use functional approach to arterial tone assessment regardless of the monitor used to measure its determinant.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03575443
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Soumis le : mardi 15 février 2022 - 15:10:52
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:26:00

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S. Bar, F. Leviel, Osama Abou Arab, L. Badoux, Yazine Mahjoub, et al.. Dynamic arterial elastance measured by uncalibrated pulse contour analysis predicts arterial-pressure response to a decrease in norepinephrine. British Journal of Anaesthesia, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018, 121 (3), pp.534-540. ⟨10.1016/j.bja.2018.01.032⟩. ⟨hal-03575443⟩

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