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Article Dans Une Revue Annals of Intensive Care Année : 2020

Epidural analgesia in ICU chest trauma patients with fractured ribs: retrospective study of pain control and intubation requirements

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Edouard Soum
  • Fonction : Auteur
Marie-Helene Hausermann
  • Fonction : Auteur
Roland de Varax
  • Fonction : Auteur
Ahmed-Said Laggoune
  • Fonction : Auteur
Delphine Bregeaud
  • Fonction : Auteur
Stephane Rouleau
  • Fonction : Auteur
Jean-Charles Chakarian
  • Fonction : Auteur
Aurelie Godard
  • Fonction : Auteur
Laura Frederici
  • Fonction : Auteur
Pascale Roques
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Background Nonintubated chest trauma patients with fractured ribs admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are at risk for complications and may require invasive ventilation at some point. Effective pain control is essential. We assessed whether epidural analgesia (EA) in patients with fractured ribs who were not intubated at ICU admission decreased the need for invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). We also looked for risk factors for IMV. Study design and methods This retrospective, observational, multicenter study conducted in 40 ICUs in France included consecutive patients with three or more fractured ribs who were not intubated at admission between July 2013 and July 2015. Results Of the 974 study patients, 788 were included in the analysis of intubation predictors. EA was used in 130 (16.5%) patients, and 65 (8.2%) patients required IMV. Factors independently associated with IMV were chronic respiratory disease (P = 0.008), worse SAPS II (P < 0.0001), flail chest (P = 0.02), worse Injury Severity Score (P = 0.0003), higher respiratory rate at admission (P = 0.02), alcohol withdrawal syndrome (P < 0.001), and noninvasive ventilation (P = 0.04). EA was not associated with decreases in IMV requirements, median numerical rating scale pain score, or intravenous morphine requirements from day 1 to day 7. Conclusions EA was not associated with a lower risk of IMV in chest trauma patients with at least 3 fractured ribs, moderate pain, and no intubation on admission. Further studies are needed to clarify the optimal pain control strategy in chest trauma patients admitted to the ICU, notably those with severe pain or high opioid requirements.

Dates et versions

hal-03576420 , version 1 (16-02-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

Edouard Soum, Vlad Botoc, Muriel Fartoukh, Marie-Helene Hausermann, Toufik Kamel, et al.. Epidural analgesia in ICU chest trauma patients with fractured ribs: retrospective study of pain control and intubation requirements. Annals of Intensive Care, 2020, 10 (1), ⟨10.1186/s13613-020-00733-0⟩. ⟨hal-03576420⟩
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