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Longitudinal wall fractional shortening: an M-mode index based on mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) that correlates and predicts left ventricular longitudinal strain (LVLS) in intensive care patients

Abstract : Background: Left ventricular longitudinal strain (LVLS) is a modern measurement for LV function. However, strain measurement is often difficult in critically ill patients. We sought to show LVLS can be estimated using M-mode-derived longitudinal wall fractional shortening (LWFS), which is less dependent on image quality and is easier to perform in critically ill patients. Methods: Transthoracic echocardiographic records were retrospectively screened and 80 studies suitable for strain and M-mode measurements in the apical 4-chamber view were selected. Longitudinal wall fractional shortening was derived from conventional M-mode (LWFS) and curved anatomical M-mode (CAMMFS). The relationships between LVLS and mitral annular plane systolic excusion (MAPSE) and M-mode-derived fractional shortening were examined using univariate generalized linear model in a training set (n = 50) and was validated in a separate validation set (n = 30). Results: MAPSE, CAMMFS, and LWFS demonstrated very good correlations with LVLS (r = 0.852, 0.875 and 0.909, respectively). LWFS was the best unbiased predictor for LVLS (LVLS = 1.180 x LWFS - 0.737, P < 0.001). Intra-and inter-rater agreement and reliability for LWFS measurement were good. Conclusions: LVLS can be estimated by LWFS in the critically ill patients. It provides a fast and accurate prediction of LVLS. LWFS is a reproducible and reliable measurement which can be used as a potential index in place of LVLS in the critically ill population.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03584154
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Soumis le : mardi 22 février 2022 - 11:43:41
Dernière modification le : jeudi 25 août 2022 - 13:31:06

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Stephen J. Huang, Iris Ting, Andrea M. Huang, Michel Slama, Anthony S. Mclean. Longitudinal wall fractional shortening: an M-mode index based on mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) that correlates and predicts left ventricular longitudinal strain (LVLS) in intensive care patients. Critical Care, BioMed Central, 2017, 21, ⟨10.1186/s13054-017-1876-x⟩. ⟨hal-03584154⟩

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