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Cardiac Dysautonomia Predicts Long-Term Survival in Hereditary Transthyretin Amyloidosis After Liver Transplantation

Abstract : OBJECTIVES This study sought to compare techniques evaluating cardiac dysautonomia and predicting the risk of death of patients with hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (mATTR) after liver transplantation (LT). BACKGROUND mATTR is a multisystemic disease involving mainly the heart and the peripheral nervous system. LT is the reference treatment, and pre-operative detection of high-risk patients is critical. Cardiovascular dysautonomia is commonly encountered in ATTR and may affect patient outcome, although it is not known yet which technique should be used in the field to evaluate it. METHODS In a series of 215 consecutive mATTR patients who underwent LT, cardiac dysautonomia was assessed by a dedicated clinical score, time-domain heart rate variability, (123)-meta-iodobenzylguanidine heart/mediastinum ((123)-MIBG H/M) ratio on scintigraphy, and heart rate response to atropine (HRRA). RESULTS Patient median age was 43 years, 62% were male and 69% carried the Val30Met mutation. Cardiac dysautonomia was documented by at least 1 technique for all patients but 6 (97%). In univariate analysis, clinical score, (123)-MIBG H/M ratio and HRRA were associated with mortality but not heart rate variability. The (123)-MIBG H/M ratio and HRRA had greater area under the curve (AUC) of receiver-operating characteristic curves than clinical score and heart rate variability (AUC: 0.787, 0.748, 0.656, and 0.523, respectively). Multivariate score models were then built using the following variables: New York Heart Association functional class, interventricular septum thickness, and either (123)-MIBG H/M ratio (SMIBG) or HRRA (S-atropine). AUC of S-MIBG and S-atropine were greater than AUC of univariate models, although nonsignificantly (AUC: 0.798 and 0.799, respectively). Predictive powers of S-MIBG, S-atropine, and a reference clinical model (AUC: 0.785) were similar. CONCLUSIONS Evaluation of cardiac dysautonomia is a valuable addition for predicting survival of mATTR patients following LT. Among the different techniques that evaluate cardiac dysautonomia, (123)-MIBG scintigraphy and heart rate response to atropine had better prognostic accuracy. Multivariate models did not improve significantly prediction of outcome. (C) 2016 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
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Soumis le : mardi 22 février 2022 - 11:43:49
Dernière modification le : dimanche 28 août 2022 - 18:44:23

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Vincent Algalarrondo, Teresa Antonini, Marie Theaudin, Denis Chemla, Anouar Benmalek, et al.. Cardiac Dysautonomia Predicts Long-Term Survival in Hereditary Transthyretin Amyloidosis After Liver Transplantation. JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, Elsevier/American College of Cardiology, 2016, 9 (12), pp.1432-1441. ⟨10.1016/j.jcmg.2016.07.008⟩. ⟨hal-03584163⟩



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