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Article dans une revue

Patch-Clamp Recording of Low Frequency Stimulation-induced Long-Term Synaptic Depression in Rat Hippocampus Slices During Early and Late Neurodevelopment

Abstract : Background Studying synaptic plasticity in the rat hippocampus slice is a well-established way to analyze cellular mechanisms related to learning and memory. Different modes of recording can be used, such as extracellular field excitatory post-synaptic potential (EPSP) and diverse patch-clamp methods. However, most studies using these methods have examined only up to the juvenile stage of brain maturation, which is known to terminate during late adolescence/early adulthood. Moreover, several animal models of human diseases have been developed at this late stage of brain development. To study the vulnerability of adolescent rat to the cognitive impairment of alcohol, we developed a model of binge-like exposure in which ethanol selectively abolishes low frequency stimulation (LFS)-induced, field EPSP long-term depression (LTD) in the rat hippocampus slice. Methods In the present study, we sought to use whole-cell patch-clamp recording in the voltage-clamp mode to further investigate the mechanisms involved in the abolition of LFS-induced LTD in our model of binge-like exposure in adolescent rat hippocampus slices. In addition, we investigated LFS-induced NMDAR-LTD and mGluR-LTD at different ages and changed several parameters to improve the recordings. Results Using patch-clamp recording, LFS-induced NMDAR-LTD and mGluR-LTD could be measured until 4 weeks of age, but not in older animals. Similarly, chemical mGluR-LTD and a combined LFS-LTD involving both N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor (NMDAR) and mGluR were not measured in older animals. The absence of LFS-LTD was not due to the loss of a diffusible intracellular agent nor the voltage mode of recording or intracellular blockade of either sodium or potassium currents. In contrast to voltage-clamp recordings, LFS-induced LTD tested with field recordings was measured at all ages and the effects of EtOH were visible in all cases. Conclusions We concluded that whole-cell patch-clamp recordings are not suitable for studying synaptic LFS-induced LTD in rats older than 4 weeks of age and therefore cannot be used to explore electrophysiological disturbances, such as those induced by alcohol binge drinking during adolescence, which constitutes a late period of brain maturation.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03584904
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Soumis le : mardi 22 février 2022 - 16:52:40
Dernière modification le : mercredi 11 mai 2022 - 12:32:03

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Cedric Bertrand, Chloe Deschamps, Kevin Rabiant, Stephane Peineau, Johann Antol, et al.. Patch-Clamp Recording of Low Frequency Stimulation-induced Long-Term Synaptic Depression in Rat Hippocampus Slices During Early and Late Neurodevelopment. ALCOHOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH, 2021, 45 (2), pp.351-364. ⟨10.1111/acer.14516⟩. ⟨hal-03584904⟩

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