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A radiologic and anatomic study of the superior semicircular canal

Abstract : Objectives: The present study sought to determine whether there is a correlation between the prevalence of superior semicircular canal (SSC) dehiscence (SSCD) on temporal CT and population age. The secondary objective was to identify anatomic factors for SSCD by studying SSC diameter and its protrusion into the middle cranial fossa. The aim was to determine the acquired or congenital origin of SSCD (Minor's syndrome). Material and method: A single -center retrospective radiological and anatomic study included 180 CT scans of 354 petrous parts of the temporal bone taken between January and December 2011 in a university hospital center. Bone thickness above the SSC was measured and classified in 4 grades: grade 1, > 2.5 mm; grade 2, < 2.5 mm: grade 3, predehiscent; grade 4, dehiscent. SSC diameter was also measured, as was the height of SSC protrusion into the middle cranial fossa. Results: SSCD was found in 0.8% of cases and predehiscence in 12%. Patients with dehiscence were older; patients with grade 3 or 4 were significantly older than those free of dehiscence (13 < 0.05). There was no significant difference in SSC diameter according to grade. In grade 1, protrusion was greater than in other subjects, with a significant correlation between age and reduced protrusion (13 < 0.05). Conclusion: The study demonstrated a correlation between aging and SSCD prevalence. Reduced SSC roof height with age suggests that SSCD may be an acquired phenomenon, related in some way to aging of the base of the skull. (C) 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03593496
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Soumis le : mercredi 2 mars 2022 - 09:27:10
Dernière modification le : jeudi 3 mars 2022 - 03:00:17

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Nathalie Klopp-Dutote, C. Kolski, A. Biet, V. Strunski, Cyril Page. A radiologic and anatomic study of the superior semicircular canal. EUROPEAN ANNALS OF OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK DISEASES, 2016, 133 (2), pp.91-94. ⟨10.1016/j.anorl.2015.11.001⟩. ⟨hal-03593496⟩

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