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Effect of Six-Minute Walk Test and Incremental Exercise on Inspiratory Capacity, Ventilatory Constraints, Breathlessness and Exercise Performance in Sedentary Male Smokers without Airway Obstruction

Abstract : We investigated physiological responses and exercise capacity in sedentary young smokers during sub-maximal and maximal test and its impact on dyspnea and exercise intolerance. Fifty sedentary male smokers and non-smokers (age: 24 +/- 1 years., weight: 71 +/- 9 kg, height: 177.3 +/- 4.8 cm, body mass index: 22.6 +/- 2.5 kg/m(2)) underwent two visits with pulmonary function tests, breathing pattern, and inspiratory capacity measurement at rest and during sub-maximal and maximal exercise. Smokers show reduced exercise capacity during six minutes walk test (6-MWT) with decreased walked distance (p < 0.001) and inspiratory capacity (p < 0.05). During cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), smokers had higher minute ventilation VE for a given submaximal intensity (p < 0.05) and lower minute ventilation at maximal exercise (p < 0.001). End expiratory lung volume was significantly lower in sedentary smokers at rest (p < 0.05), at ventilatory threshold during exercise (p < 0.05), but not during peak exercise. End inspiratory lung volume was significantly lower in smokers at rest (p < 0.05) and ventilatory threshold (p < 0.05). Cigarette smoking alters lung function during submaximal and maximal exercise. This alteration is manifested by the development of dynamic hyperinflation contributing to exercise capacity limitation.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03594530
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Soumis le : mercredi 2 mars 2022 - 16:48:36
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:22:26

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Wassim Melliti, Rim Kammoun, Donies Masmoudi, Said Ahmaidi, Kaouthar Masmoudi, et al.. Effect of Six-Minute Walk Test and Incremental Exercise on Inspiratory Capacity, Ventilatory Constraints, Breathlessness and Exercise Performance in Sedentary Male Smokers without Airway Obstruction. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, MDPI, 2021, 18 (23), ⟨10.3390/ijerph182312665⟩. ⟨hal-03594530⟩

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