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Burnout syndrome and associated factors among university teaching staff in Cameroon: Effect of the practice of sport and physical activities and leisures

Abstract : Objectives. - This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of burnout syndrome among university teaching staff in Cameroon; and to establish if the practice of physical activities and leisures could have preventive effect. Methods. - A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, socio-professional conditions, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator Survey (MBI-ES) to evaluate burnout syndrome, and Ricci-Gagnon metrics to assess level of physical activities practice among grades of teaching staff, in the various faculties of the University of Douala, Cameroon. Results. - Three hundreds and three teaching staff members aged 43 +/- 7 years were included (69% males). The prevalence of burnout syndrome was 68%, distributed within the three dimensions as follows: emotional exhaustion (15.2%), depersonalization (32.1%) and loss of personal accomplishment (22.1%), with 57% low level, 38% moderate and 6% severe. Burnout affected respectively 55.4% lecturers, 38.3% senior lecturers and 6.3% professors. Burnout was significantly associated with poor working conditions (P= 0.0001), unsatisfactory salary (P= 0.0001), part time teaching in private university institutions (P= 0.027), sensation of strenuous job (P= 0.002), conflict with colleagues (P= 0.028), sedentariness (P= 0.007). Sport and physical activities showed significant protective effect against burnout (P= 0.004), the same with leisures (P= 0.016). Conclusion. - The prevalence burnout syndrome is high among university teaching staff in Cameroon. The practice of sport and physical activities and leisures has a protective effect against burnout syndrome. (C) 2018 L'Encephale, Paris.
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Soumis le : mercredi 2 mars 2022 - 18:22:05
Dernière modification le : dimanche 4 septembre 2022 - 15:16:35

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P. T. Moueleu Ngalagou, P. B. Assomo-Ndemba, L. J. Owona Manga, H. Owoundi Ebolo, C. N. Ayina Ayina, et al.. Burnout syndrome and associated factors among university teaching staff in Cameroon: Effect of the practice of sport and physical activities and leisures. L'Encéphale, Elsevier Masson, 2019, 45 (2), pp.101-106. ⟨10.1016/j.encep.2018.07.003⟩. ⟨hal-03594684⟩

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