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Endoscopic Management of Bariatric Surgery Complications According to a Standardized Algorithm

Abstract : Background and Aims Endoscopy is effective in management of bariatric surgery (BS) adverse events (AEs) but a comprehensive evaluation of long-term results is lacking. Our aim is to assess the effectiveness of a standardized algorithm for the treatment of BS-AE. Patients and Methods We retrospectively analyzed 1020 consecutive patients treated in our center from 2012 to 2020, collecting data on demographics, type of BS, complications, and endoscopic treatment. Clinical success (CS) was evaluated considering referral delay, healing time, surgery, and complications type. Logistic regression was performed to identify variables of CS. Results In the study period, we treated 339 fistulae (33.2%), 324 leaks (31.8%), 198 post-sleeve gastrectomy twist/stenosis (19.4%), 95 post-RYGB stenosis (9.3 %), 37 collections (3.6%), 15 LAGB migrations (1.5%), 7 weight regains (0.7%), and 2 hemorrhages (0.2%). Main endoscopic treatments were as follows: pigtail-stent positioning under endoscopic view for both leaks (CS 86.1%) and fistulas (CS 77.2%), or tinder EUS-guidance for collections (CS 88.2%); dilations and/or stent positioning for sleeve twist/stenosis (CS 80.6%) and bypass stenosis (CS 81.5%). After a median (IQR) follow-up of 18.5 months (4.29-38.68), complications rate was 1.9%. We found a 1% increased risk of redo-surgery every 10 days of delay to the first endoscopic treatment. Endoscopically treated patients had a more frequent regular diet compared to re-operated patients. Conclusions Endoscopic treatment of BS-AEs following a standardized algorithm is safe and effective. Early endoscopic treatment is associated with an increased CS rate.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03597306
Contributeur : Louise Dessaivre Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 4 mars 2022 - 10:59:44
Dernière modification le : vendredi 20 mai 2022 - 11:06:36

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Andrea Spota, Fabrizio Cereatti, Stefano Granieri, Giulio Antonelli, Jean-Loup Dumont, et al.. Endoscopic Management of Bariatric Surgery Complications According to a Standardized Algorithm. Obesity surgery, 2021, 31 (10), pp.4327-4337. ⟨10.1007/s11695-021-05577-6⟩. ⟨hal-03597306⟩

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