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Reverse blood flow in cervicofacial veins after venous ligations: Potential implications in microsurgery

Abstract : Introduction: The consequences on the cervicofacial venous circulation of major cervicofacial vein ligations are poorly known. We aimed to highlight by using Doppler Ultrasound flow differences in the cervicofacial venous network in the case of unilateral or bilateral ligation of main venous collector trunks (external jugular vein [EJV] and internal jugular vein [IJV]) Methods: A Doppler ultrasound was performed on 10 healthy volunteers, 8 patients with previous bilateral ligation of the EJV, 8 with a unilateral ligation of the EJV, and 8 with a unilateral ligation of the EJV and IJV, after modified radical neck dissection. The diameter, the flow direction and the peak systolic velocity (PSV) of the superficial temporal vein, the facial vein (FV) and the IJV were measured. Results: Healthy patients had a similar right and left PSV for all the veins studied, with always antegrade flows. Patients with previous ligations had some significant right/left differences and retrograde flows. Conclusion: A redistribution of venous blood flow on the contralateral side of the face and neck seems to take place in the case of unilateral ligation of the EJV and/or IJV. Retrograde flows are sometimes observed in the case of previous ligation of the EJV and/or IJV and might compromise the success of venous microanastomoses. (c) 2020 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03598567
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Soumis le : samedi 5 mars 2022 - 14:49:36
Dernière modification le : lundi 5 septembre 2022 - 15:30:22

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L. Nokovitch, B. Peyrachon, A-G Chaux-Bodard, M. Poupart, P-E Roux, et al.. Reverse blood flow in cervicofacial veins after venous ligations: Potential implications in microsurgery. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Elsevier, 2021, 74 (9), pp.2042-2049. ⟨10.1016/j.bjps.2020.12.066⟩. ⟨hal-03598567⟩

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