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Likely Pathogenic Variants in One Third of Non-Syndromic Discontinuous Cleft Lip and Palate Patients

Abstract : Oral clefts are composed of cleft of the lip, cleft of the lip and palate, or cleft of the palate, and they are associated with a wide range of expression and severity. When cleft of the palate is associated with cleft of the lip with preservation of the primary palate, it defines an atypical phenotype called discontinuous cleft. Although this phenotype may represent 5% of clefts of the lip and/or palate (CLP), it is rarely specifically referred to and its pathophysiology is unknown. We conducted whole exome sequencing (WES) and apply a candidate gene approach to non-syndromic discontinuous CLP individuals in order to identify genes and deleterious variants that could underlie this phenotype. We discovered loss-of-function variants in two out of the seven individuals, implicating FGFR1 and DLG1 genes, which represents almost one third of this cohort. Whole exome sequencing of clinically well-defined subgroups of CLP, such as discontinuous cleft, is a relevant approach to study CLP etiopathogenesis. It could facilitate more accurate clinical, epidemiological and fundamental research, ultimately resulting in better diagnosis and care of CLP patients. Non-syndromic discontinuous cleft lip and palate seems to have a strong genetic basis.
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Contributeur : Louise DESSAIVRE Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : samedi 5 mars 2022 - 15:36:32
Dernière modification le : mercredi 24 août 2022 - 14:28:39

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Bénédicte Demeer, Nicole Revencu, Raphael Helaers, Cica Gbaguidi, Stéphanie Dakpé, et al.. Likely Pathogenic Variants in One Third of Non-Syndromic Discontinuous Cleft Lip and Palate Patients. Genes, 2019, 10 (10), ⟨10.3390/genes10100833⟩. ⟨hal-03598599⟩



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