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Microcomputed tomography of the femur of diabetic rats: alterations of trabecular and cortical bone microarchitecture and vasculature-a feasibility study

Abstract : Background To better understand bone fragility in type 2 diabetes mellitus and define the contribution of microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) to the evaluation of bone microarchitecture and vascularisation, we conducted an in vitro preliminary study on the femur of Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats and Zucker lean (ZL) rats. We first analysed bone microarchitecture, then determined whether micro-CT allowed to explore bone vascularisation, and finally looked for a link between these parameters. Methods Eight ZDF and six ZL rats were examined for bone microarchitecture (group 1), and six ZDF and six ZL rats were studied for bone vascularisation after Microfil (R) perfusion which is a radiopaque casting agent (group 2). In group 1, we used micro-CT to examine the trabecular and cortical bone microarchitecture of the femoral head, neck, shaft, and distal metaphysis. In group 2, micro-CT was used to study the blood vessels in the head, neck, and distal metaphysis. Results Compared to ZL rats, the ZDF rats exhibited significantly lower trabecular bone volume and number and higher trabecular separation in the three locations (p = 0.02, p = 0.02, p = 0.003). Cortical porosity was significantly higher in the ZDF rats at the neck and shaft (p = 0.001 and p = 0.005). We observed a dramatically poorer bone vascularisation in the femur of ZDF rats, especially in distal metaphysis (p < 0.047). Conclusions Micro-CT demonstrated not only significant alterations in the bone microarchitecture of the femurs of ZDF rats, but also significant alterations in bone vascularisation. Further studies are required to demonstrate the causal link between poor vascularisation and impaired bone architecture.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03599522
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Soumis le : lundi 7 mars 2022 - 11:13:01
Dernière modification le : dimanche 4 septembre 2022 - 17:56:29

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David Zeitoun, Guavri Caliaperoumal, Morad Bensidhoum, Jean-Marc Constans, Fani Anagnostou, et al.. Microcomputed tomography of the femur of diabetic rats: alterations of trabecular and cortical bone microarchitecture and vasculature-a feasibility study. European Radiology Experimental, Springer, 2019, 3 (1), ⟨10.1186/s41747-019-0094-5⟩. ⟨hal-03599522⟩

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