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Gastric glomus tumors. Interest of ultrasound endoscopic biopsies for the diagnosis. About two cases

Abstract : Glomus tumors are rare mesenchymal tumors, mostly benign, although a few malignant cases have been described in the literature. These tumors are usually localized subcutaneously or subcutaneously, however they may exceptionally be gastric localized. We report two new observations diagnosed on biopsies performed by echo endoscopy. The first was a 66-year-old man and the second a 78-year-old man. In both cases, the lesions were on astral, nodular, and very limited location. The biopsies revealed a tumor proliferation of trabecular architecture, composed by monomorphic cells, with eosinophilic cytoplasm, medium size, with a rounded, regular nucleus, without mitosis or necrosis, with distended and branched capillaries on the periphery. In immunohistochemical studies, tumor cells expressed smooth muscle actin and caldesmone. The proliferation index KI 67 was very low. In practice, however, preoperative diagnosis remains difficult because there is no typical appearance in imaging or echo-endoscopy to distinguish them from other gastric parietal tumors. To date, there is no consensus on the therapeutic management of gastric glomus tumors. However, endoscopic resection by dissection under the mucosa associated with endoscopic monitoring seems to be a method of choice as well as a way to postpone open or laparoscopic surgery, especially when these tumors are small (< 30 mm). (C) 2021 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03600261
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Soumis le : lundi 7 mars 2022 - 14:33:20
Dernière modification le : mardi 8 mars 2022 - 03:00:16

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Arnaud Ronfaut, Marion Allart-Sava, Nelly Guilain, Benjamin Ducloux Lebon, Jean Philippe Le Mouel, et al.. Gastric glomus tumors. Interest of ultrasound endoscopic biopsies for the diagnosis. About two cases. ANNALES DE PATHOLOGIE, 2021, 41 (5), pp.476-480. ⟨10.1016/j.annpat.2021.03.013⟩. ⟨hal-03600261⟩

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