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Comprehensive and Integrated Palliative Care for People With Advanced Chronic Conditions: AnUpdate From Several European Initiatives and Recommendations for Policy

Abstract : The number of people in their last years of life with advanced chronic conditions, palliative care needs, and limited life prognosis due to different causes including multi-morbidity, organ failure, frailty, dementia, and cancer is rising. Such people represent more than 1% of the population. They are present in all care settings, cause around 75% of mortality, and may account for up to one-third of total national health system spend. The response to their needs is usually late and largely based around institutional palliative care focused on cancer. There is a great need to identify these patients and integrate an early palliative approach according to their individual needs in all settings, as suggested by the World Health Organization. Several tools have recently been developed in different European regions to identify patients with chronic conditions who might benefit from palliative care. Similarly, several models of integrated palliative care have been developed, some with a public health approach to promote access to all in need. We describe the characteristics of these initiatives and suggest how to develop a comprehensive and integrated palliative approach in primary and hospital care and to design public health and community-oriented practices to assess and respond to the needs in the whole population. Additionally, we report ethical challenges and prognostic issues raised and emphasize the need for research to test the various tools and models to generate evidence about the benefits of these approaches to patients, their families, and to the health system. (C) 2016 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03601741
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Soumis le : mardi 8 mars 2022 - 14:51:33
Dernière modification le : jeudi 10 mars 2022 - 03:13:48

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Xavier Gomez-Batiste, Scott A. Murray, Keri Thomas, Carles Blay, Kirsty Boyd, et al.. Comprehensive and Integrated Palliative Care for People With Advanced Chronic Conditions: AnUpdate From Several European Initiatives and Recommendations for Policy. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 2017, 53 (3), pp.509-517. ⟨10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.10.361⟩. ⟨hal-03601741⟩

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