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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Affective Disorders Année : 2018

Persistent depressive and grief symptoms for up to 10 years following perinatal loss: Involvement of negative cognitions

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Résumé

Background: Perinatal loss is known to be associated with a heightened risk of mental health complications. However, the psychological mechanisms underlying the perinatal grief process are less well documented. We hypothesized that negative cognitions are associated with post-perinatal loss symptomatology, and vary according to whether the death occurs before or after birth. Methods: We adopted a cross-sectional design to assess demographics, variables related to the death, five types of negative cognitions (about the self, world, life, future, and self-blame), prolonged grief, and depressive symptoms. The sample included 98 perinatally bereaved mothers with a mean age of 33.9 years. Results: When we controlled for demographics and variables related to the death, hierarchical linear regression showed that maladaptive cognitions about life, the future and the world were associated with prolonged grief symptoms, whereas only maladaptive cognitions about the world were associated with depressive symptoms. Significant interaction effects confirmed that cognitions about the world were associated with increased depressive symptoms when the death occurred after the birth, and cognitions about life when it occurred before the birth. Limitations: The cross-sectional design precluded causal conclusions. However, the sample size was relatively representative and limited to perinatally bereaved mothers. Conclusions: Different negative cognitions are involved in persistent depressive versus grief symptoms following perinatal loss, and vary depending on the type of loss. These results will serve to enhance perinatal grief interventions.
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hal-03602426 , version 1 (09-03-2022)

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Kossigan Kokou-Kpolou, Olga Megalakaki, Nicolas Nieuviarts. Persistent depressive and grief symptoms for up to 10 years following perinatal loss: Involvement of negative cognitions. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2018, 241, pp.360-366. ⟨10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.063⟩. ⟨hal-03602426⟩

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