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Violation of rhythmic expectancies can elicit late frontal gamma activity nested in theta oscillations

Abstract : Rhythm processing involves building expectations according to the hierarchical temporal structure of auditory events. Although rhythm processing has been addressed in the context of predictive coding, the properties of the oscillatory response in different cortical areas are still not clear. We explored the oscillatory properties of the neural response to rhythmic incongruence and the cross-frequency coupling between multiple frequencies to further investigate the mechanisms underlying rhythm perception. We designed an experiment to investigate the neural response to rhythmic deviations in which the tone either arrived earlier than expected or the tone in the same metrical position was omitted. These two manipulations modulate the rhythmic structure differently, with the former creating a larger violation of the general structure of the musical stimulus than the latter. Both deviations resulted in an MMN response, whereas only the rhythmic deviant resulted in a subsequent P3a. Rhythmic deviants due to the early occurrence of a tone, but not omission deviants, seemed to elicit a late high gamma response (60-80 Hz) at the end of the P3a over the left frontal region, which, interestingly, correlated with the P3a amplitude over the same region and was also nested in theta oscillations. The timing of the elicited high-frequency gamma oscillations related to rhythmic deviation suggests that it might be related to the update of the predictive neural model, corresponding to the temporal structure of the events in higher-level cortical areas.
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Soumis le : mercredi 9 mars 2022 - 11:55:35
Dernière modification le : mardi 6 septembre 2022 - 16:34:23

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M. Edalati, Mahdi Mahmoudzadeh, J. Safaie, Fabrice Wallois, Sahar Moghimi. Violation of rhythmic expectancies can elicit late frontal gamma activity nested in theta oscillations. Psychophysiology, Wiley, 2021, 58 (11), ⟨10.1111/psyp.13909⟩. ⟨hal-03602672⟩



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