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Non-invasive, multimodal analysis of cortical activity, blood volume and neurovascular coupling in infantile spasms using EEG-fNIRS monitoring

Abstract : Although infantile spasms can be caused by a variety of etiologies, the clinical features are stereotypical. The neuronal and vascular mechanisms that contribute to the emergence of infantile spasms are not well understood. We performed a multimodal study by simultaneously recording electroencephalogram and functional Nearinfrared spectroscopy in an intentionally heterogeneous population of six children with spasms in clusters. Regardless of the etiology, spasms were accompanied by two phases of hemodynamic changes; an initial change in the cerebral blood volume (simultaneously with each spasm) followed by a neurovascular coupling in all children except for the one with a large porencephalic cyst. Changes in cerebral blood volume, like the neurovascular coupling, occurred over frontal areas in all patients regardless of any brain damage suggesting a diffuse hemodynamic cortical response. The simultaneous motor activation and changes in cerebral blood volume might result from the involvement of the brainstem. The inconstant neurovascular coupling phase suggests a diffuse activation of the brain likely resulting too from the brainstem involvement that might trigger diffuse changes in cortical excitability.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03603388
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Soumis le : mercredi 9 mars 2022 - 18:36:28
Dernière modification le : mardi 6 septembre 2022 - 17:00:27

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Emilie Bourel-Ponchel, Mahdi Mahmoudzadeh, Aline Delignieres, Patrick Berquin, Fabrice Wallois. Non-invasive, multimodal analysis of cortical activity, blood volume and neurovascular coupling in infantile spasms using EEG-fNIRS monitoring. Neuroimage-Clinical, Elsevier, 2017, 15, pp.359-366. ⟨10.1016/j.nicl.2017.05.004⟩. ⟨hal-03603388⟩

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