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Dynamic modeling and CPG-based trajectory generation for a masticatory rehab robot

Abstract : Human mastication is a complex and rhythmic biomechanical process which is regulated by a brain stem central pattern generator (CPG). Masticatory patterns, frequency and amplitude of mastication are different from person to person and significantly depend on food properties. The central nervous system controls the activity of muscles to produce smooth transitions between different movements. Therefore, to rehab human mandibular system, there is a real need to use the concept of CPG for development of a new methodology in jaw exercises and to help jaw movements recovery. This paper proposes a novel method for real-time trajectory generation of a mastication rehab robot. The proposed method combines several methods and concepts including kinematics, dynamics, trajectory generation and CPG. The purpose of this article is to provide a methodology to enable physiotherapists to perform the human jaw rehabilitation. In this paper, the robotic setup includes two Gough-Stewart platforms. The first platform is used as the rehab robot, while the second one is used to model the human jaw system. Once the modeling is completed, the second robot will be replaced by an actual patient for the selected physiotherapy. Gibbs-Appell's formulation is used to obtain the dynamics equations of the rehab robot. Then, a method based on the Fourier series is employed to tune parameters of the CPG. It is shown that changes in leg lengths, due to the online changes of the mastication parameters, occur in a smooth and continuous manner. The key feature of the proposed method, when applied to human mastication, is its ability to adapt to the environment and change the chewing pattern in real-time parameters, such as amplitudes as well as jaw movements velocity during mastication.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03604522
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Soumis le : jeudi 10 mars 2022 - 14:47:11
Dernière modification le : vendredi 11 mars 2022 - 03:00:18

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Hadi Kalani, Alireza Akbarzadeh, S. Nader Nabavi, Sahar Moghimi. Dynamic modeling and CPG-based trajectory generation for a masticatory rehab robot. INTELLIGENT SERVICE ROBOTICS, 2018, 11 (2), pp.187-205. ⟨10.1007/s11370-017-0245-6⟩. ⟨hal-03604522⟩

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