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Aplastic anemia in the elderly: a nationwide survey on behalf of the French Reference Center for Aplastic Anemia

Abstract : Aplastic anemia is a rare but potentially life-threatening disease that may affect older patients. Data regarding the treatment of aplastic anemia in this ageing population remains scarce. We conducted a retrospective nationwide multicenter study in France to examine current treatments for aplastic anemia patients over 60 years old. Our aims were to evaluate efficacy and tolerance, and to analyze predictive factors for response and survival. Over the course of a decade, 88 patients (median age 68.5 years) were identified in 19 centers, with a median follow up of 2.7 years; 21% had very severe and 36% severe aplastic anemia. We analyzed 184 treatment lines, mostly involving the standard combination of anti-thymocyte globulin and cyclosporine-A (33%), which was also the most frequent first-line treatment (50%). After first-line therapy, 32% of patients achieved a complete response, and 15% a partial response. Responses were significantly better in first line and in patients with good performance status, as well as in those that had followed an anti-thyrnocyte globulin and cyclosporine-A regimen (overall response rate of 70% after first-line treatment). All treatments were well tolerated by patients, including over the age of 70. Three-year survival was 74.7% (median 7.36 years). Age, Charlson comorbidity index and very severe aplastic anemia were independently associated with mortality. Age, per se, is not a limiting factor to aplastic anemia treatment with anti-thymocyte globulin and cyclosporine-A; this regimen should be used as a first-line treatment in elderly patients if they have a good performance status and low comorbidity index score.
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Soumis le : vendredi 11 mars 2022 - 17:44:15
Dernière modification le : mercredi 7 septembre 2022 - 11:50:25

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Adrien Contejean, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Jerome Tamburini, Marion Alcantara, Fabrice Jardin, et al.. Aplastic anemia in the elderly: a nationwide survey on behalf of the French Reference Center for Aplastic Anemia. Haematologica, Ferrata Storti Foundation, 2019, 104 (2), pp.256-262. ⟨10.3324/haematol.2018.198440⟩. ⟨hal-03606395⟩



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