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Disrupted Functional Rich-Club Organization of the Brain Networks in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, a Resting-State EEG Study

Abstract : Growing evidence indicates that disruptions in the brain's functional connectivity play an important role in the pathophysiology of ADHD. The present study investigates alterations in resting-state EEG source connectivity and rich-club organization in children with inattentive (ADHD(I)) and combined (ADHD(C)) ADHD compared with typically developing children (TD) under the eyes-closed condition. EEG source analysis was performed by eLORETA in different frequency bands. The lagged phase synchronization (LPS) and graph theoretical metrics were then used to examine group differences in the topological properties and rich-club organization of functional networks. Compared with the TD children, the ADHD(I) children were characterized by a widespread significant decrease in delta and beta LPS, as well as increased theta and alpha LPS in the left frontal and right occipital regions. The ADHD(C) children displayed significant increases in LPS in the central, temporal and posterior areas. Both ADHD groups showed small-worldness properties with significant increases and decreases in the network degree in the theta and beta bands, respectively. Both subtypes also displayed reduced levels of network segregation. Group differences in rich-club distribution were found in the central and posterior areas. Our findings suggest that resting-state EEG source connectivity analysis can better characterize alterations in the rich-club organization of functional brain networks in ADHD patients.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03606938
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Soumis le : samedi 12 mars 2022 - 14:59:09
Dernière modification le : dimanche 13 mars 2022 - 03:00:14

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Maliheh Ahmadi, Kamran Kazemi, Katarzyna Kuc, Anita Cybulska-Klosowicz, Mohammad Sadegh Helfroush, et al.. Disrupted Functional Rich-Club Organization of the Brain Networks in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, a Resting-State EEG Study. BRAIN SCIENCES, 2021, 11 (7), ⟨10.3390/brainsci11070938⟩. ⟨hal-03606938⟩

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