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Orai3 Calcium Channel Regulates Breast Cancer Cell Migration through Calcium-Dependent and -Independent Mechanisms

Abstract : Orai3 calcium (Ca2+) channels are implicated in multiple breast cancer processes, such as proliferation and survival as well as resistance to chemotherapy. However, their involvement in the breast cancer cell migration processes remains vague. In the present study, we exploited MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-231 BrM2 basal-like estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) cell lines to assess the direct role of Orai3 in cell migration. We showed that Orai3 regulates MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-231 BrM2 cell migration in two distinct ways. First, we showed that Orai3 remodels cell adhesive capacities by modulating the intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Orai3 silencing (siOrai3) decreased calpain activity, cell adhesion and migration in a Ca2+-dependent manner. In addition, Orai3 interacts with focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and regulates the actin cytoskeleton, in a Ca2+-independent way. Thus, siOrai3 modulates cell morphology by altering F-actin polymerization via a loss of interaction between Orai3 and FAK. To summarize, we demonstrated that Orai3 regulates cell migration through a Ca2+-dependent modulation of calpain activity and, in a Ca2+-independent manner, the actin cytoskeleton architecture via FAK.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03607827
Contributeur : Louise DESSAIVRE Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : lundi 14 mars 2022 - 11:49:05
Dernière modification le : mercredi 24 août 2022 - 14:24:28

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Mohamed Chamlali, Sana Kouba, Lise Rodat-Despoix, Luca Matteo Todesca, Zoltan Pethoe, et al.. Orai3 Calcium Channel Regulates Breast Cancer Cell Migration through Calcium-Dependent and -Independent Mechanisms. Cells, MDPI, 2021, 10 (12), ⟨10.3390/cells10123487⟩. ⟨hal-03607827⟩

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