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Structural, dielectric, and ferroelectric properties of Na-0.5(Bi1-xNdx)(0.5)TiO3 ceramics for energy storage and electrocaloric applications

Abstract : Lead-free relaxor ferroelectric Na-0.5(Bi1-xNdx)(0.5)TiO3 (xNdNBT, x = 0-30%) ceramics were synthesized using the conventional solid-state method. Detailed Rietveld refinement revealed transitions from rhombohedral (x = 0, 5%), to a coexistence of R3c and Pnma symmetries (x = 10, 15%), followed by a tetragonal P4/mmm phase for the high Nd-concentrations (x = 25, 30%). High-temperature dielectric stability was found over a large temperature range (for instance +/- 15% from -90 degrees C to 405 degrees C for x = 30%) with very low dielectric losses, especially at high temperatures. The substitution of Bi3+ by Nd3+ results in a perturbation of the ferroelectric order and favors short-range polar regions in the system. From the ferroelectric measurements, we demonstrated the stabilization of a coexistence of non-ergodic and ergodic relaxor state or ergodic relaxor state at specific doping concentrations. Besides, high-energy storage properties were obtained at high temperatures, with W-rec > 1.15 J/cm(3) in the temperature range 140 degrees C-200 degrees C for the 5NdNBT and a moderate W-rec between 0.5 and 0.77 J/cm(3) in a large temperature range from 25 degrees C to 200 degrees C and with high efficiency >70% for 10NdNBT composition. In addition, a high electrocaloric response (Delta T = 1.8 K at 95 kV/cm) was found using the indirect method for the 5NdNBT composition, with great temperature stability below 20% over a broad temperature range (80-140 degrees C) and with a high Delta T/Delta E > 0.19 K m/V. The obtained electrocaloric response was related to the thermal evolution of the polar regions in mixed ergodic and non-ergodic relaxor states under an applied electric field.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03608402
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Soumis le : lundi 14 mars 2022 - 16:45:47
Dernière modification le : mardi 15 mars 2022 - 03:00:22

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Manal Benyoussef, Moneim Zannen, Jamal Belhadi, Bouchaib Manoun, Zdravko Kutnjak, et al.. Structural, dielectric, and ferroelectric properties of Na-0.5(Bi1-xNdx)(0.5)TiO3 ceramics for energy storage and electrocaloric applications. Ceramics International, 2021, 47 (18), pp.26539-26551. ⟨10.1016/j.ceramint.2021.06.068⟩. ⟨hal-03608402⟩

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