Structural Polymorphism in Na4Zn(PO4)(2) Driven by Rotational Order-Disorder Transitions and the Impact of Heterovalent Substitutions on Na-Ion Conductivity - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Inorganic Chemistry Année : 2020

Structural Polymorphism in Na4Zn(PO4)(2) Driven by Rotational Order-Disorder Transitions and the Impact of Heterovalent Substitutions on Na-Ion Conductivity

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Résumé

Solid electrolytes have regained tremendous interest recently in light of the exposed vulnerability of current rechargeable battery technologies. While designing solid electrolytes, most efforts concentrated on creating structural disorder (vacancies, interstitials, etc.) in a cationic Li/Na sublattice to increase ionic conductivity. In phosphates, the ionic conductivity can also be increased by rotational disorder in the anionic sublattice, via a paddle-wheel mechanism. Herein, we report on Na4Zn(PO4)(2) which is designed from Na3PO4, replacing Na+ with Zn2+ and introducing a vacancy for charge balance. We show that Na4Zn(PO4)(2) undergoes a series of structural transitions under temperature, which are associated with an increase in ionic conductivity by several orders of magnitude. Our detailed crystallographic study, combining electron, neutron, and X-ray powder diffraction, reveals that the room-temperature form, alpha-Na4Zn(PO4)(2), contains orientationally ordered PO4 groups, which undergo partial and full rotational disorder in the high-temperature beta- and gamma-polymorphs, respectively. We furthermore showed that the highly conducting gamma-polymorph could be stabilized at room temperature by ball-milling, whereas the beta-polymorph can be stabilized by partial substitution of Zn2+ with Ga2+ and Al3+. These findings emphasize the role of rotational disorder as an extra parameter to design new solid electrolytes.

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Chimie Matériaux
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Dates et versions

hal-03612248 , version 1 (17-03-2022)

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Sujoy Saha, Gwenaelle Rousse, Matthieu Courty, Yaroslava Shakhova, Maria Kirsanova, et al.. Structural Polymorphism in Na4Zn(PO4)(2) Driven by Rotational Order-Disorder Transitions and the Impact of Heterovalent Substitutions on Na-Ion Conductivity. Inorganic Chemistry, 2020, 59 (9), pp.6528-6540. ⟨10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c00612⟩. ⟨hal-03612248⟩
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