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Directional turnover towards larger-ranged plants over time and across habitats

Ingmar R. Staude 1, 2 Henrique M. Pereira 1, 3, 2 Gergana N. Daskalova 4 Markus Bernhardt-Roemermann 2, 5 Martin Diekmann 6 Harald Pauli 7, 8 Hans van Calster 9 Mark Vellend 10 Anne D. Bjorkman 11 Jorg Brunet 12 Pieter de Frenne 13 Radim Hédl 14, 15 Ute Jandt 2, 1 Jonathan Lenoir 16 Isla H. Myers-Smith 4 Kris Verheyen 13 Sonja Wipf 17 Monika Wulf 18 Christopher Andrews 19 Peter Barancok 20 Elena Barni 21 Jose-Luis Benito-Alonso 22, 23 Jonathan Bennie 24 Imre Berki 25 Volker Blueml 26 Markéta Chudomelová 14, 27 Guillaume Decocq 16 Jan Dick 19 Thomas Dirnboeck 28 Tomasz Durak 29 Ove Eriksson 30 Brigitta Erschbamer 31 Bente Jessen Graae 32 Thilo Heinken 33 Fride Høistad Schei 34 Bogdan Jaroszewicz 35 Martin Kopecký 36, 37 Thomas Kudernatsch 38 Martin Macek 36 Marek Malicki 39 Frantisek Malis 40 Ottar Michelsen 41 Tobias Naaf 18 Thomas A. Nagel 42 Adrian C. Newton 43 Lena Nicklas 31 Ludovica Oddi 21 Adrienne Ortmann-Ajkai 44 Andrej Palaj 20 Alessandro Petraglia 45 Petr Petrik 36 Remigiusz Pielech 46, 47 Francesco Porro 48 Mihai Puscas 49 Kamila Reczynska 39 Christian Rixen 17 Wolfgang Schmidt 50, 51 Tibor Standovár 52 Klaus Steinbauer 8, 7 Krzysztof Swierkosz 46 Balazs Teleki 53 Jean-Paul Theurillat 54, 55 Pavel Dan Turtureanu 49 Tudor-Mihai Ursu 49 Thomas Vanneste 13 Philippine Vergeer 56 Ondrej Vild 36 Luis Villar 57 Pascal Vittoz 58 Manuela Winkler 7, 8 Lander Baeten 13
19 UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
NERC - Natural Environment Research Council
Abstract : Species turnover is ubiquitous. However, it remains unknown whether certain types of species are consistently gained or lost across different habitats. Here, we analysed the trajectories of 1827 plant species over time intervals of up to 78 years at 141 sites across mountain summits, forests, and lowland grasslands in Europe. We found, albeit with relatively small effect sizes, displacements of smaller- by larger-ranged species across habitats. Communities shifted in parallel towards more nutrient-demanding species, with species from nutrient-rich habitats having larger ranges. Because these species are typically strong competitors, declines of smaller-ranged species could reflect not only abiotic drivers of global change, but also biotic pressure from increased competition. The ubiquitous component of turnover based on species range size we found here may partially reconcile findings of no net loss in local diversity with global species loss, and link community-scale turnover to macroecological processes such as biotic homogenisation.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03614152
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Soumis le : lundi 21 mars 2022 - 14:03:38
Dernière modification le : vendredi 22 avril 2022 - 11:42:06

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Ingmar R. Staude, Henrique M. Pereira, Gergana N. Daskalova, Markus Bernhardt-Roemermann, Martin Diekmann, et al.. Directional turnover towards larger-ranged plants over time and across habitats. Ecology Letters, Wiley, 2022, 25 (2), pp.466-482. ⟨10.1111/ele.13937⟩. ⟨hal-03614152⟩

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