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Unusual ferroelectric and magnetic phases in multiferroic 2H-BaMnO3 ceramics

Abstract : The structural phase transition in hexagonal BaMnO3 occurring at T-C = 130 K was studied in ceramic samples using electron and x-ray diffraction, second harmonic generation, as well as by dielectric and lattice dynamic spectroscopies. The low-temperature phase (space group P6(3)cm) is ferroelectric with a triplicated unit cell. The phase transition is driven by an optical soft mode from the Brillouin-zone boundary [q = (1/3, 1/3,0)]; this mode activates in infrared and Raman spectra below T-C and it hardens according to the Cochran law. Upon cooling below T-C, the permittivity exhibits an unusual linear increase with temperature; below 60 K, in turn, a frequency-dependent decrease is observed, which can be explained by slowing down of ferroelectric domain wall motions. Based on our data we could not distinguish whether the high-temperature phase is paraelectric or polar (space groups P6(3)/mmc or P6(3)mc, respectively). Both variants of the phase transition to the ferroelectric phase are discussed based on the Landau theory. Electron paramagnetic resonance and magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal an onset of one-dimensional antiferromagnetic ordering below approximate to 220K which develops fully near 140 K and, below T-N approximate to 59 K, it transforms into a three-dimensional antiferromagnetic order.
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Soumis le : mardi 29 mars 2022 - 16:59:23
Dernière modification le : mardi 13 septembre 2022 - 15:46:21

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Stanislav Kamba, Dmitry Nuzhnyy, Maxim Savinov, Pierre Toledano, Valentin Laguta, et al.. Unusual ferroelectric and magnetic phases in multiferroic 2H-BaMnO3 ceramics. Physical Review B, American Physical Society, 2017, 95 (17), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.95.174103⟩. ⟨hal-03623445⟩



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