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Synthesis and properties of Bi5Nb3O15 thin films prepared by dual co-sputtering

Abstract : Bismuth-based oxides have gained attention because of their particular electronic configuration that enhances the mobility of photogenerated carriers. In this work, we focused on the synthesis, and the evaluation of the physical and photocatalytic properties of Bi5Nb3O15 films. Bismuth niobate films were deposited by dual magnetron co-sputtering, starting from Bi2O3 and Nb independently driven targets. Although the substrates were heated at 150 degrees C during the deposition, the films were amorphous; therefore, they were annealed at 600 degrees C in air for 2 h to obtain the nanocrystalline Bi5Nb3O15 orthorhombic phase. The Bi5Nb3O15 compound is an interesting material for applications in microelectronics due to its high-k dielectric value at the radiofrequency range; another possible and reported application is as photocatalyst for degradation of organic pollutants and water splitting processes. The films structure was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (theta-2 theta and in-plane modes). The Raman and infrared spectra were measured and compared with calculated vibrational modes since they have not been reported in the past. The optical properties (refractive index, extinction and absorption coefficients) of the Bi5Nb3O15 films were estimated using UV-VIS reflectance and transmittance spectroscopy. The optical band gap was estimated assuming an indirect fundamental inter-band transition at 3.25 eV. The prospective to use the Bi5Nb3O15 films as a photocatalyst was evaluated through the measurement of the photo-discoloration of indigo carmine (IC) dye solutions (5 ppm) under UV light irradiation at three pHs: 3.5, 7 and 11. The results showed a decrease in the absorbance spectrum of the IC solution as a function of irradiation time only at acidic pH where almost 100% of degradation was achieved at 270 min; this behavior is probably due to the increment of the adsorption of IC molecules on the positively charged surface. A similar response was observed after 5 cycles without any structural change of the films. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Osmary Depablos-Rivera, Juan C. Medina, Monserrat Bizarro, Ana Martinez, Andreas Zeinert, et al.. Synthesis and properties of Bi5Nb3O15 thin films prepared by dual co-sputtering. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2017, 695, pp.3704-3713. ⟨10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.11.340⟩. ⟨hal-03628200⟩



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