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Do We Feel the Same Empathy for Loved and Hated Peers?

Abstract : Empathy allows us to understand and react to other people's feelings and sensations; we can more accurately judge another person's situation when we are aware of his/her emotions. Empathy for pain is a good working model of the behavioral and neural processes involved in empathy in general. Although the influence of perspective-taking processes (notably ``Self'' vs. ``Other'') on pain rating has been studied, the impact of the degree of familiarity with the person representing the ``Other'' perspective has not been previously addressed. In the present study, we asked participants to adopt four different perspectives: ``Self'', ``Other-Most-Loved-Familiar'', ``Other-Most-Hated-Familiar'' and ``Other-Stranger''. The results showed that higher pain ratings were attributed to the Other-Most-Loved-Familiar perspective than to the Self, Other-Stranger and Other-Most-Hated-Familiar perspectives. Moreover, participants were quicker to rate pain for the Other-Most-Loved-Familiar perspective and the Self-perspective than for the other two perspectives. These results for a perspective-taking task therefore more clearly define the role of familiarity in empathy for pain.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03649701
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Soumis le : vendredi 22 avril 2022 - 18:17:18
Dernière modification le : mardi 17 mai 2022 - 07:42:08

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Giulia Bucchioni, Thierry Lelard, Said Ahmaidi, Olivier Godefroy, Pierre Krystkowiak, et al.. Do We Feel the Same Empathy for Loved and Hated Peers?. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2015, 10 (5), ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0125871⟩. ⟨hal-03649701⟩

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