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Article Dans Une Revue PLoS ONE Année : 2015

Do We Feel the Same Empathy for Loved and Hated Peers?

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Résumé

Empathy allows us to understand and react to other people's feelings and sensations; we can more accurately judge another person's situation when we are aware of his/her emotions. Empathy for pain is a good working model of the behavioral and neural processes involved in empathy in general. Although the influence of perspective-taking processes (notably ``Self'' vs. ``Other'') on pain rating has been studied, the impact of the degree of familiarity with the person representing the ``Other'' perspective has not been previously addressed. In the present study, we asked participants to adopt four different perspectives: ``Self'', ``Other-Most-Loved-Familiar'', ``Other-Most-Hated-Familiar'' and ``Other-Stranger''. The results showed that higher pain ratings were attributed to the Other-Most-Loved-Familiar perspective than to the Self, Other-Stranger and Other-Most-Hated-Familiar perspectives. Moreover, participants were quicker to rate pain for the Other-Most-Loved-Familiar perspective and the Self-perspective than for the other two perspectives. These results for a perspective-taking task therefore more clearly define the role of familiarity in empathy for pain.

Dates et versions

hal-03649701 , version 1 (22-04-2022)

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Giulia Bucchioni, Thierry Lelard, Said Ahmaidi, Olivier Godefroy, Pierre Krystkowiak, et al.. Do We Feel the Same Empathy for Loved and Hated Peers?. PLoS ONE, 2015, 10 (5), ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0125871⟩. ⟨hal-03649701⟩
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