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Deconvoluting the benefits of porosity distribution in layered electrodes on the electrochemical performance of Li-ion batteries

Abstract : Thick Lithium Ion Battery (LIB) electrodes suffer from poor rate capability and high ionic impedance due to their thickness and mesostructure. Therefore, optimizing thick electrode architectures becomes crucial. In this work, we report a systematic assessment of the ionic resistance in heterogeneous porous electrodes through the combination of computational simulations using a 4D-resolved model and experimental measurements. The first part of the study is devoted to a general assessment of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) spectra, mapping the impact of ionic and electronic resistances on the overall impedances of uncalendered and calendered LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2, LiFePO4 and graphite electrodes. In the second part, in silico-generated electrodes with different porosities are used in computational EIS simulations to analyze the impact of the electrode porosity on the ionic impedance. As expected, the results show that a lower porosity leads to a higher ionic impedance because of a higher electrode tortuosity factor. Furthermore, in silico-generated electrodes with different porosities were stacked and assembled to create heterogeneities of porosity along the thickness, and used in computational EIS and galvanostatic discharge simulations. The computational results show that the porosity heterogeneity along the electrode thickness has a significant effect on the ionic impedance and capacity of the electrode. The electrode architecture with progressively decreasing porosity from separator to current collector shows the highest performance, a trend validated by our in house experimental EIS and galvanostatic discharge also reported in this manuscript. Overall, we conclude that the ionic resistance in a thick electrode can be effectively reduced through proper tuning of the porosity heterogeneity. The proposed heterogeneous electrode architectures presented here could enormously help building efficient thick electrodes for LIBs.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03659984
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Soumis le : jeudi 5 mai 2022 - 14:43:53
Dernière modification le : samedi 7 mai 2022 - 03:35:21

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Abbos Shodiev, Mehdi Chouchane, Miran Gaberscek, Oier Arcelus, Jiahui Xu, et al.. Deconvoluting the benefits of porosity distribution in layered electrodes on the electrochemical performance of Li-ion batteries. ENERGY STORAGE MATERIALS, 2022, 47, pp.462-471. ⟨10.1016/j.ensm.2022.01.058⟩. ⟨hal-03659984⟩

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