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Article Dans Une Revue Sensors Année : 2022

Performance Analysis of Optically Pumped He-4 Magnetometers vs. Conventional SQUIDs: From Adult to Infant Head Models

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Résumé

Optically pumped magnetometers (OPMs) are new, room-temperature alternatives to superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) for measuring the brain's magnetic fields. The most used OPM in MagnetoEncephaloGraphy (MEG) are based on alkali atoms operating in the spin-exchange relaxation-free (SERF) regime. These sensors do not require cooling but have to be heated. Another kind of OPM, based on the parametric resonance of He-4 atoms are operated at room temperature, suppressing the heat dissipation issue. They also have an advantageous bandwidth and dynamic range more suitable for MEG recordings. We quantitatively assessed the improvement (relative to a SQUID magnetometers array) in recording the magnetic field with a wearable He-4 OPM-MEG system through data simulations. The OPM array and magnetoencephalography forward models were based on anatomical MRI data from an adult, a nine-year-old child, and 10 infants aged between one month and two years. Our simulations showed that a He-4 OPMs array offers markedly better spatial specificity than a SQUID magnetometers array in various key performance areas (e.g., signal power, information content, and spatial resolution). Our results are also discussed regarding previous simulation results obtained for alkali OPM.

Dates et versions

hal-03665868 , version 1 (12-05-2022)

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Citer

Saeed Zahran, Mahdi Mahmoudzadeh, Fabrice Wallois, Nacim Betrouni, Philippe Derambure, et al.. Performance Analysis of Optically Pumped He-4 Magnetometers vs. Conventional SQUIDs: From Adult to Infant Head Models. Sensors, 2022, 22 (8), ⟨10.3390/s22083093⟩. ⟨hal-03665868⟩
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