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Article Dans Une Revue Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences Année : 2022

Impact of heat stress on the fitness outcomes of symbiotic infection in aphids: a meta-analysis

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Résumé

Beneficial microorganisms shape the evolutionary trajectories of their hosts, facilitating or constraining the colonization of new ecological niches. One convincing example entails the responses of insect-microbe associations to rising temperatures. Indeed, insect resilience to stressful high temperatures depends on the genetic identity of the obligate symbiont and the presence of heat-protective facultative symbionts. As extensively studied organisms, aphids and their endosymbiotic bacteria represent valuable models to address eco-evolutionary questions about the thermal ecology of insect-microbe partnerships, with broad relevance to various biological systems and insect models. This meta-analysis aims to quantify the context-dependent impacts of symbionts on host phenotype in benign or stressful heat conditions, across fitness traits, types of heat stress and symbiont species. We found that warming lowered the benefits (resistance to parasitoids) and costs (development, fecundity) of infection by facultative symbionts, which was overall mostly beneficial to the hosts under short-term heat stress (heat shock) rather than extended warming. Heat-tolerant genotypes of the obligate symbiont Buchnera aphidicola and some facultative symbionts (Rickettsia sp., Serratia symbiotica) improved or maintained aphid fitness under heat stress. We discuss the implications of these findings for the general understanding of the cost-benefit balance of insect-microbe associations across multiple traits and their eco-evolutionary dynamics faced with climate change.

Dates et versions

hal-03673965 , version 1 (20-05-2022)

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Kévin Tougeron, Corentin Iltis. Impact of heat stress on the fitness outcomes of symbiotic infection in aphids: a meta-analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2022, 289 (1971), ⟨10.1098/rspb.2021.2660⟩. ⟨hal-03673965⟩
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