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Crystal Structure and the Spectral Response of the Ba-Doped SrTiO3 Incipient Ferroelectrics

Abstract : The crystal structure and lattice dynamics of quantum paraelectric BaxSr1-xTiO3 (x = 0, 0.01, 0.02) solid solutions are studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman and terahertz-infrared (THz-IR) spectroscopies in a temperature range of 4\textendash 300 K. XRD and Raman spectroscopy reveal the cubic-to-tetragonal nonpolar structural phase transition at about 100 K. At the same time, Raman spectra manifest the presence of polar modes, TO2 and TO4, normally prohibited in paraelectric phase. Emergence of these modes indicates the appearance of the polar nanoregions in a broad temperature range. The modes become more intensive at low temperatures, and temperature dependence of their intensities on cooling reveals the kink-like change of the slope from flat to steep, indicating on activation of polar nanoregions. The transmission THz-IR spectra show that squared frequency of the polar TO1 soft mode, responsible for ferroelectric transition, follows Cochran's behavior at high temperatures. However, at low temperatures, it doesn't vanish at extrapolated Curie temperature but saturates, demonstrating the plateau feature below 20 K. This behavior, coherent with known saturation of the dielectric constant, indicates that transition to ferroelectric phase in BaxSr1-xTiO3 is suppressed by quantum fluctuations and the system stays in quantum paraelectric state at very low temperatures. \textcopyright 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03682205
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Soumis le : lundi 30 mai 2022 - 19:02:54
Dernière modification le : mardi 31 mai 2022 - 03:00:17

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E.D. Linnik, Igor Lukyanchuk, A.S. Mikheykin, A.V. Ragulya, B.P. Gorshunov, et al.. Crystal Structure and the Spectral Response of the Ba-Doped SrTiO3 Incipient Ferroelectrics. Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research, 2021, 258 (7), ⟨10.1002/pssb.202100010⟩. ⟨hal-03682205⟩

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