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Complete Endoscopic Healing Is Associated with Lower Disability than Partial Endoscopic Healing in Crohn's Disease: A Prospective Multicenter Study.

Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease (CD) has a significant impact on health status and quality of life, affecting physical and emotional well-being and impairing social and functional abilities. In the era of the treat-to-target concept, endoscopic healing has emerged as the goal to achieve to prevent intestinal damage and disability. It is not clear what level of endoscopic healing is associated with lower disability. We therefore aimed to compare disability associated with complete endoscopic healing to disability with partial endoscopic healing in patients with CD. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter prospective study, between September 2019 and November 2020, in one university hospital, one general hospital, and one private practice center. Consecutive patients with CD in clinical remission were included, having either complete endoscopic healing (CDEIS~=~0) or partial endoscopic healing (CDEIS >0 and <4). The 10-item IBD-Disk self-assessment questionnaire was used to assess disability. Moderate to severe disability was defined as an overall IBD-Disk score ≥q40. RESULTS: A total of 82 patients were included. Forty-four (53%) were women, the median age and disease duration were respectively 35.3 years (interquartile range [IQR], 28.6-45.2) and 8.0 years (IQR, 3.0-17.0). The median overall IBD-Disk score was 26.5 (IQR, 9 -45.0), and 30 (36.6%) patients had moderate to severe disability. Complete endoscopic healing was observed in 48 patients (57.3%). The median IBD-Disk score was respectively 24 (IQR, 9.0-40.5) and 34 (IQR, 9.5-51.5) for patients with complete and partial endoscopic healing (p~=~0.068). Respectively, 13/48 (27%) and 17/34 (50%) of patients with complete and partial endoscopic healing had moderate to severe disability (p~=~0.039). In multivariate analysis, partial endoscopic healing (OR=5.82, 95% CI [1.65, 24.69], p~=~0.0009), female gender (OR=4.0, 95%CI [1.13, 16.58], p~=~0.04), and smoking (OR=8.33, 95% CI [1.96, 50.0] p~=~0.006) were significantly associated with moderate to severe disability. Among the IBD-Disk sub scores, the defecation score (median, IQR) (0.0 [0.0-3.0] vs 4.0 [0.0-7.5], p~=~0.028) and energy score (4.0 [0.0-6.0] vs 6.0 [2.5-8.0], p~=~0.023) were significantly lower with complete endoscopic healing. CONCLUSIONS: One-third of patient with endoscopic healing reported moderate to severe disability. Complete endoscopic healing (CDEIS~=~0) was associated with lower disability than partial endoscopic healing (CDEIS >0 and <4). Deeper endoscopic healing may be needed to reduce the risk of disability in CD.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03692967
Contributeur : Louise DESSAIVRE Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 10 juin 2022 - 10:32:45
Dernière modification le : vendredi 11 novembre 2022 - 15:07:36

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Clara Yzet, Franck Brazier, Virginie Sebbagh, Pierre Vanelslander, Valérie Dejour, et al.. Complete Endoscopic Healing Is Associated with Lower Disability than Partial Endoscopic Healing in Crohn's Disease: A Prospective Multicenter Study.. Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology, 2022, 46 (4), pp.101887. ⟨10.1016/j.clinre.2022.101887⟩. ⟨hal-03692967⟩

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