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A multiplex serological assay for the characterization of IgG immune response to SARS-CoV-2

Abstract : In the fight against SARS-COV-2, the development of serological assays based on different antigenic domains represent a versatile tool to get a comprehensive picture of the immune response or differentiate infection from vaccination beyond simple diagnosis. Here we use a combination of the Nucleoprotein (NP), the Spike 1 (S1) and Spike 2 (S2) subunits, and the receptor binding domain (RBD) and N-terminal domain (NTD) of the Spike antigens from the CoViDiag((R)) multiplex IgG assay, to follow the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infection over a long time period and depending on disease severity. Using a panel of 209 sera collected from 61 patients up to eight months after infection, we observed that most patients develop an immune response against multiple viral epitope, but anti-S2 antibodies seemed to last longer. For all the tested IgGs, we have found higher responses for hospitalized patients than for non-hospitalized ones. Moreover the combination of the five different IgG responses increased the correlation to the neutralizing antibody titers than if considered individually. Multiplex immunoassays have the potential to improve diagnostic performances, especially for ancient infection or mild form of the disease presenting weaker antibody responses. Also the combined detection of anti-NP and anti-Spike-derived domains can be useful to differentiate vaccination from viral infection and accurately assess the antibody potential to neutralize the virus.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03696975
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Soumis le : jeudi 16 juin 2022 - 13:17:53
Dernière modification le : dimanche 19 juin 2022 - 03:27:58

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Etienne Brochot, Vianney Souplet, Pauline Follet, Pauline Ponthieu, Christophe Olivier, et al.. A multiplex serological assay for the characterization of IgG immune response to SARS-CoV-2. PLOS ONE, 2022, 17 (1), ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0262311⟩. ⟨hal-03696975⟩

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