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Article Dans Une Revue Chemosphere Année : 2022

How advanced are we on the consequences of oral exposure to food contaminants on the occurrence of chronic non communicable diseases?

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Résumé

The development of an individual during fetal life and childhood is characterized by rapid growth as well as gradual maturation of organs and systems. Beyond the nutritional intake in essential nutrients, food contaminants can permanently influence the way organs mature and function. These processes are called "programming" and play an essential role in the occurrence of non-communicable chronic diseases throughout the lifespan. Populations as pregnant women, fetuses and young children are vulnerable and particularly sensitive to food contaminants which can induce epigenetic modifications transmissible to future generations. Among these contaminants, pesticides are found in most food matrices exposing humans to cocktails of molecules through variable concentrations and duration of exposure. The Maillard reaction products (MRPs) represent other food contaminants resulting from heat treatment of food. Modern diet, rich in fats and sugars, is also rich in neoformed pathogenic compounds, Advanced Glycation End products (AGEs), the levels of which depend on the heat treatment of foods and eating habits and whose effects on health are controversial. In this review, we have chosen to present the current knowledge on the impacts of selected pesticides and MRPs, on the risk of developing during life non-communicable chronic diseases such as IBD, metabolic disorders or allergies. A large review of literature was performed via Pubmed, and the most appropriate studies were summarised.
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hal-03697179 , version 1 (15-09-2022)

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Lucien Grados, Maxime Pérot, Nicolas Barbezier, Carine Delayre-Orthez, Véronique Bach, et al.. How advanced are we on the consequences of oral exposure to food contaminants on the occurrence of chronic non communicable diseases?. Chemosphere, 2022, 303 (Part 3), pp.135260. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.135260⟩. ⟨hal-03697179⟩
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