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Article Dans Une Revue Astrophysics and Space Science Année : 2022

The kappa-model, a minimal model alternative to dark matter: application to the galactic rotation problem

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Résumé

The determination of the velocities, accelerations and the gravitational field intensity at a given location in a galaxy could potentially be achieved in an unexpected manner with the environment of the observer, for instance, the local mean mass density in the galaxy. This idea, mathematically supported by the asymmetric distance concept, is illustrated here by a study regarding the rotation of spiral galaxies. This suggestion is new in the astrophysics field (in the following, it is called the kappa-model) and could help to mimic the main effects seen in modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) theory, modified gravity (MOG) models, or other related models built with the aim of eliminating dark matter that are already well-established theories. Thus, starting from two selected examples of galaxies, in Sect. 5, we show that there is an equivalence between MOND and the kappa-model. In particular, on the opposite side, we have the speculative nature of the dominant paradigm, the elusive dark matter, a matter whose properties always remain undefined despite intense theoretical, experimental and observational efforts for over 50 years.
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Dates et versions

hal-03712140 , version 1 (02-07-2022)

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G. Pascoli. The kappa-model, a minimal model alternative to dark matter: application to the galactic rotation problem. Astrophysics and Space Science, 2022, 367 (6), ⟨10.1007/s10509-022-04080-3⟩. ⟨hal-03712140⟩

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