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Use of the Capture-Recapture Method to Estimate the Frequency of Community- and Hospital-Acquired Drug-Induced Acute Kidney Injuries in French Databases.

Abstract : Drug-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) can occur both in primary care (i.e., community-acquired AKI (CA-AKI)) and in hospital settings (i.e., hospital-acquired AKI (HA-AKI)). The reported prevalence of these events varies markedly from one study to another, mainly due to differences in the study design. To estimate the frequency of drug-induced AKIs (both CA-AKIs and HA-AKIs) observed in a French university hospital, we applied the capture-recapture method to 1) the French national pharmacovigilance database (FPVD) and 2) a cohort of hospitalized patients with drug-induced AKIs (documented by analyzing the French national hospital discharge database and the patients' electronic medical records). Drug-induced AKIs were determined according to the Naranjo algorithm and then categorized as CA-AKIs or HA-AKIs. A total number of 1,557 episodes of AKI were record during the study period, of them, the estimated total number of drug-induced AKIs was 593 [95% confidence interval (CI): 485-702], and the estimated prevalence was 38.1% [95%CI: 35.67-40.50]. The prevalences of HA-AKIs and CA-AKIs were similar (39.4% [36.24-42.54] and 37.4% [33.67-41.21], respectively). Only 6.1% of the drug-induced AKIs were recorded in the FPVD, and the proportions of recorded HA-AKIs and CA-AKI differed markedly (3.0% vs. 10.5%, respectively). One of the most frequently involved drug classes were antibiotics in the HA-AKI subgroup (13.0%) and antineoplastics in the CA-AKI subgroup (8.3%). Application of the capture-recapture method to two incomplete data sources can improve the ability to identify and quantify adverse drug reactions like AKIs. The frequency of drug-induced AKI is relatively high and is probably underestimated. The clinical management of an AKI might depend on where it originated.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03740515
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Soumis le : vendredi 29 juillet 2022 - 15:17:23
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:25:28

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Amayelle Rey, Valérie Gras, Julien Moragny, Gabriel Choukroun, Kamel Masmoudi, et al.. Use of the Capture-Recapture Method to Estimate the Frequency of Community- and Hospital-Acquired Drug-Induced Acute Kidney Injuries in French Databases.. Frontiers in Pharmacology, Frontiers, 2022, 13, pp.899164. ⟨10.3389/fphar.2022.899164⟩. ⟨hal-03740515⟩

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