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TRPC1 Channels Regulate the Activation of Pancreatic Stellate Cells through ERK1/2 and SMAD2 Pathways and Perpetuate Their Pressure-Mediated Activation.

Abstract : Pancreatic stellate cell (PSC) activation is a major event occurring during pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) development. Up to now mechanisms underlying their activation by mechanical cues such as the elevated tissue pressure in PDAC remain poorly understood. Here we investigate the role of one potential mechano-transducer, TRPC1 ion channel, in PSC activation. Using pre-activated human siTRPC1 and murine TRPC1-KO PSCs, we show that TRPC1 promotes αSMA (α-smooth muscle actin) expression, the main activation marker, in cooperation with the phosphorylated SMAD2, under normal and elevated pressure. Functional studies following TRPC1 silencing demonstrate the dual role of TRPC1 in the modulation of PSC proliferation and IL-6 secretion through the activation of ERK1/2 and SMAD2 pathways. Moreover, pressurization changes the mechanical behavior of PSCs by increasing their cellular stiffness and emitted traction forces in a TRPC1-dependent manner. In summary, these results point to a role of TRPC1 channels in sensing and transducing the characteristic mechanical properties of the PDAC microenvironment in PSCs.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03746087
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Soumis le : jeudi 4 août 2022 - 17:57:58
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:25:03

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Silviya Radoslavova, Benedikt Fels, Zoltan Pethö, Matthias Gruner, Tobias Ruck, et al.. TRPC1 Channels Regulate the Activation of Pancreatic Stellate Cells through ERK1/2 and SMAD2 Pathways and Perpetuate Their Pressure-Mediated Activation.. Cell Calcium, Elsevier, 2022, 106, pp.102621. ⟨10.1016/j.ceca.2022.102621⟩. ⟨hal-03746087⟩

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