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Article Dans Une Revue Frontiers in Physiology Année : 2022

New KCNN4 Variants Associated With Anemia: Stomatocytosis Without Erythrocyte Dehydration

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Résumé

The K+ channel activated by the Ca2+, KCNN4, has been shown to contribute to red blood cell dehydration in the rare hereditary hemolytic anemia, the dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis. We report two de novo mutations on KCNN4, We reported two de novo mutations on KCNN4, V222L and H340N, characterized at the molecular, cellular and clinical levels. Whereas both mutations were shown to increase the calcium sensitivity of the K+ channel, leading to channel opening for lower calcium concentrations compared to WT KCNN4 channel, there was no obvious red blood cell dehydration in patients carrying one or the other mutation. The clinical phenotype was greatly different between carriers of the mutated gene ranging from severe anemia for one patient to a single episode of anemia for the other patient or no documented sign of anemia for the parents who also carried the mutation. These data compared to already published KCNN4 mutations question the role of KCNN4 gain-of-function mutations in hydration status and viability of red blood cells in bloodstream.
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Dates et versions

hal-03767757 , version 1 (02-09-2022)

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Citer

B. Allegrini, S. Jedele, L. David Nguyen, M. Mignotet, R. Rapetti-Mauss, et al.. New KCNN4 Variants Associated With Anemia: Stomatocytosis Without Erythrocyte Dehydration. Frontiers in Physiology, 2022, 13, ⟨10.3389/fphys.2022.918620⟩. ⟨hal-03767757⟩
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