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Transition to Comfort Care Only and End-of-Life Trajectories in an Acute Geriatric Unit: A Secondary Analysis of the DAMAGE Cohort.

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: Comfort care for a dying patient increases the quality of the end of life. End-of-life situations are frequently managed in acute geriatric units (AGUs), and transition to comfort care only is often necessary. However, the frequency of transition to comfort care and the latter's putative link with the end-of-life trajectory (sudden death, cancer, organ failure, and frailty with or without dementia) have not previously been studied in acute geriatric units. We sought to (1) describe end-of-life trajectories and the transition to comfort care only, and (2) analyse the relationship between the two, prior to death in an AGU. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of a subgroup of the DAMAGE cohort (a prospective multicentre cohort of 3509 patients aged 75~years and over and admitted consecutively to an AGU). SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: DAMAGE patients who died in an AGU after a stay of at least 48~hours. METHODS: Data on the end-of-life trajectory and the transition to comfort care only were extracted from medical records. RESULTS: Of the 177 included patients, 123 (69.5%) transitioned to comfort care only in the AGU. A frailty trajectory (in patients living with dementia or not) accounted for nearly 70% of deaths. Paradoxically, only frailty among people living without dementia was not significantly associated with a more frequent transition to comfort care [odds ratio (95% confidence interval): 1.44 (0.44-4.76), relative to a patient dying suddenly]. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Transition to comfort care only is frequent in AGUs and is linked to the end-of-life trajectory (except for frail patients living without dementia). The frailty trajectory is one of the most frequent, and, therefore, physicians must be aware of the need to improve practice in this context.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03779211
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Soumis le : vendredi 16 septembre 2022 - 15:04:09
Dernière modification le : dimanche 18 septembre 2022 - 03:55:54

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Guillaume Deschasse, Anne Charpentier, Chloé Prod'Homme, Michaël Genin, Celine Delecluse, et al.. Transition to Comfort Care Only and End-of-Life Trajectories in an Acute Geriatric Unit: A Secondary Analysis of the DAMAGE Cohort.. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, Elsevier, 2022, 23 (9), pp.1492--1498. ⟨10.1016/j.jamda.2022.04.016⟩. ⟨hal-03779211⟩

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