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Therapy Related Myeloid Neoplasms Following PARP Inhibitors: Real-Life Experience.

Abstract : PURPOSE: To provide insights into the diagnosis and management of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) following PARP inhibitors (PARPi). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In a French cancer center, we identified and described the profiles of 13 t-MN diagnosed among 37 ovarian cancer (OC) patients referred to hematology consultation for cytopenia under PARPi. Next, we described these 13 t-MN post PARPi among 37 t-MN post OC according to PARPi exposure. Finally, we described 69 t-MN post PARPi in a national cohort. RESULTS: From 2016 to 2021, cumulative incidence of t-MN was 3.5% (13/373) among OC patients treated with PARPi. At time of hematological consultation, patients with t-MN had a longer PARPi exposure (9 months vs. 3, p= 0.01), lower platelet count (74 vs. 173 G/L, p=0.0005), and more cytopenias (2 vs. 1, p=0.0005). Compared to t-MN not exposed to PARPi, t-MN-PARPi patients had more BRCA1/2 germline mutation (61.5% vs. 0% p=0.03) but similar OS. In the national cohort, most t-MN post PARPi had a complex karyotype (61%) associated with a high rate of TP53 mutation (71%). Median OS was 9.6 months (IQR, 4-14.6). In multivariate analysis, a longer time between end of PARPi and t-MN (HR 1.046, p=0.02), olaparib compared to others PARPi (HR 5.82, p=0.003) and AML (HR 2.485, p=0.01) were associated with shorter OS. CONCLUSIONS: In a large series, we described a high incidence of t-MN post PARPi associated with unfavorable cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities leading to poor OS. Early detection is crucial, particularly in cases of delayed cytopenia.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03814212
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Soumis le : jeudi 13 octobre 2022 - 18:06:05
Dernière modification le : vendredi 14 octobre 2022 - 03:10:33

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Vincent Marmouset, Justine Decroocq, Sylvain Garciaz, Gabriel Etienne, Amine Belhabri, et al.. Therapy Related Myeloid Neoplasms Following PARP Inhibitors: Real-Life Experience.. Clinical Cancer Research, 2022, pp.CCR-22-1622. ⟨10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-22-1622⟩. ⟨hal-03814212⟩

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