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Hydrogen isotope measurements of bone and dental tissues from archaeological human and animal samples and their use as climatic and diet proxies

Abstract : Stable hydrogen isotope measurement of body tissues faces analytical and interpretative challenges such as hydrogen exchange with atmosphere or competitive influence of drinking water and food intake. Samples from the Gallic site of The ` zy-Glimont, France, have already been investigated isotopically for climate reconstruction and diet investigation of the buried individuals. This allows comparison with the hydrogen isotope composition (82H) of bone collagen, tooth enamel and of bulk bone measured for 8 humans and 11 animals. Three of the best -preserved human skeletons were incrementally sampled and show acceptable homogeneity of 82H values of bone collagen (<5%o) and of bulk bone (<10%o) despite various turnover rates of these tissues. Human tooth enamel records breastfeeding as attested by 82H values of pre-weaning teeth which are 2H-enriched by +20 to +30%o. We observe that the 82H of bone collagen and bulk bone are strongly correlated. The 82H signatures of bone collagen, tooth enamel and bulk bone record both climate conditions and dietary practices, as attested by linear re-lationships with traditional isotopic proxies (818O, 813C, 815N) which were previously measured on the same samples, although interpretations depend on the sampling strategy of each study. Measurements of 82H in bulk bone and dental tissues are more readily achievable than collagen which requires extraction and purification and could become crucial in studies where bone tissue is scarce or when the only available remains are tooth material.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03833280
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Soumis le : vendredi 28 octobre 2022 - 12:07:33
Dernière modification le : mardi 29 novembre 2022 - 14:29:19

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Thibault Clauzel, Pascale Richardin, Jannick Ricard, Yves Le Bechennec, Romain Amiot, et al.. Hydrogen isotope measurements of bone and dental tissues from archaeological human and animal samples and their use as climatic and diet proxies. Journal of Archaeological Science, 2022, 147, ⟨10.1016/j.jas.2022.105676⟩. ⟨hal-03833280⟩

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